[Download] Tải To study the work life balance among working women, post maternity in banking sector – Tải về File Word, PDF

To study the work life balance among working women, post maternity in banking sector

To study the work life balance among working women, post maternity in banking sector
Nội dung Text: To study the work life balance among working women, post maternity in banking sector

Download


The Objective of this study explains the Service sector contribution to the global output is more. The service factor itself is the largest part of the economy for the countries around the world, the worthy reason being urbanization, privatization and instant demand for final consumer services.

Bạn đang xem: [Download] Tải To study the work life balance among working women, post maternity in banking sector – Tải về File Word, PDF

*Ghi chú: Có 2 link để tải biểu mẫu, Nếu Link này không download được, các bạn kéo xuống dưới cùng, dùng link 2 để tải tài liệu về máy nhé!
Download tài liệu To study the work life balance among working women, post maternity in banking sector File Word, PDF về máy

To study the work life balance among working women, post maternity in banking sector

Mô tả tài liệu

Nội dung Text: To study the work life balance among working women, post maternity in banking sector

  1. International Journal of Management (IJM)
    Volume 11, Issue 2, February 2020, pp. 233–240, Article ID: IJM_11_02_024
    Available online at http://www.iaeme.com/ijm/issues.asp?JType=IJM&VType=11&IType=2
    Journal Impact Factor (2020): 10.1471 (Calculated by GISI) www.jifactor.com
    ISSN Print: 0976-6502 and ISSN Online: 0976-6510

    © IAEME Publication Scopus Indexed

    TO STUDY THE WORK LIFE BALANCE
    AMONG WORKING WOMEN, POST
    MATERNITY IN BANKING SECTOR
    Mandeep Kaur
    Research Scholar, MMIM, Maharishi Markandeshwar Deemed University,
    Mullana, Ambala, Haryana, India

    Dr. C. Venkateswaran
    Associate Professor, MMIM, Maharishi Markandeshwar Deemed University,
    Mullana, Ambala, Haryana, India

    ABSTRACT
    The Objective of this study explains the Service sector contribution to the global
    output is more. The service factor itself is the largest part of the economy for the
    countries around the world, the worthy reason being urbanization, privatization and
    instant demand for final consumer services. Quality services being the ingredient for
    welfare of an economy, the primary and secondary sectors are directly dependent on
    the progress of services like banking, insurance, trade and commerce together with
    entertainment, social and personal aspects specifically in advanced economies.
    Service sector shows a complimentary role and accelerates the process of
    development through quality improvement and enhancement with efficiency of
    productivity and developmental activities. Fabricating services tends to require
    relatively more human capital with less natural capital, thereby demand has geared
    for more educated workers, stimulating countries to capitalize more in education for
    the overall benefit to their people.
    Keywords: Working Women, Banking Sector, Quality services.
    Cite this Article: Mandeep Kaur and Dr. C. Venkateswaran, To Study the Work life
    Balance among Working Women, Post Maternity in Banking Sector, International
    Journal of Management (IJM), 11 (2), 2020, pp. 233–240.
    http://www.iaeme.com/IJM/issues.asp?JType=IJM&VType=11&IType=2

    1. INTRODUCTION
    In the upcoming years, services will continue to control the growth story. For socio economic
    development of any country service sector plays a predominant role. The service sector
    comprises of versatile activities ranging from sophisticated Information and Communication
    technology to the simplest service provided by informal sector workers. National Income and
    potentiality of employment are the real contribution which constitutes greater component of

    http://www.iaeme.com/IJM/index.asp 233 editor@iaeme.com

  2. To Study the Work life Balance among Working Women, Post Maternity in Banking Sector

    service sector. India‟s distinctiveness lies in being the second fastest growing economy in the
    world with respect to services (Report of Confederation of Indian Industry and KPMG).
    Service sector contribution to the global output is more. The service factor itself is the largest
    part of the economy for the countries around the world, the worthy reason being urbanization,
    privatization and instant demand for final consumer services. Quality services being the
    ingredient for welfare of an economy, the primary and secondary sectors are directly
    dependent on the progress of services like banking, insurance, trade and commerce together
    with entertainment, social and personal aspects specifically in advanced economies. Service
    sector shows a complimentary role and accelerates the process of development through
    quality improvement and enhancement with efficiency of productivity and developmental
    activities. Fabricating services tends to require relatively more human capital with less natural
    capital, thereby demand has geared for more educated workers, stimulating countries to
    capitalize more in education for the overall benefit to their people.

    2. POST MATERNITY
    Post maternity is period of three to six month after delivering a baby. Working women are
    liable to get 26 week leave from their job for taking care of her baby. The term post maternity
    or immediate postpartum period are commonly used to refer to the first six weeks following
    childbirth. The World Health Organization (WHO) describes the postnatal period as the most
    critical and yet the most neglected phase in the lives of mothers and babies.

    3. PSYCHOLOGICAL CHALLENGES
    Working mothers has to fulfil the demand at work followed by various demands at home. In
    today‟s scenario the husband and wife both work towards creating a balance with their work
    life as well as at home with their children. But it is still difficult for women as she has to play
    multiple roles of a mother, childrearing, a cook, a family maid, a tutor, a nurse as well as cater
    to the demands of office work. This can leave a working woman stressed and anxious; more
    so if the family is not supportive

    4. WORK LIFE BALANCE
    The world of work has changed from 9 to 5 affairs to a 24 hour, 7 day where customers
    expect services at times that suit them. (Chartered Institute of Personnel Development) The
    concept of Work Life first came into sight in 1980‟s when the workplace dynamic began to
    change the level of satisfactory involvement of the exact fit among flexible roles played by an
    individual is Work Life Balance. The Work Life Balance ranks as the second most imperative
    factor of workplace attributes beyond compensation as reviled by Corporate Executive Board
    which conducted the research
    For more than 50,000 global workers. It is basically a positive relationship between Work
    & other equally accorded activities in life which comprises of family life too. Concern
    towards Work Life Balance is becoming increasingly a fact for employers and employees.
    The very issue of Work Life Balance has become increasingly a global phenomenon. The
    clearer is the issue related to Work Life Balance more is the understanding and the penetration
    of these domains in individuals‟ lives. “The notion of Work Life Balance underwent a drastic
    change when the number of women workers and dual earner couples increased in various
    important sectors (Voydanoff, 1987, Lambert 1990; Burke & green glass, 1987)”. “Work Life
    Balance has been generous consideration and has been a matter of concern for both
    employees and employers for many years (Guest 2002)”. In coming years Work and Life
    would receive increasing attention and would also facilitate to retain skilled employees as
    opined by US Department of Labour (1999). “The negative side of Work family is

    http://www.iaeme.com/IJM/index.asp 234 editor@iaeme.com

  3. Mandeep Kaur and Dr. C. Venkateswaran

    operationalized as Work-Family conflict and Positive side is operationalized as enrichment or
    facilitation” (Frone 2003). Work Life Balance is defined as a contented state of equilibrium
    achieved between employee‟s primary priorities of their employment position & their private
    life style. Work-family conflict is defined as “a form of role conflict characterized by the
    incongruence between responsibilities of the home and workplace which are mutually
    incompatible (Greenhaus and Beutell, 1985)”. Work Life Balance is “the extent to which an
    individual‟s effectiveness and satisfaction in work and family roles are compatible with the
    individual‟s life priorities (Greenhans and Allen, 2006)”. Work–family balance is defined “as
    accomplishment of role related expectations that are negotiated and shared between an
    individual and his or her rolerelated partners in the work and family domains (Grzywacz and
    Carlson, 2007)”. Work Life Balance defined by Kirch meyer (2000) as “achieving satisfying
    experiences in all the life domains and to do so requires personal resources such as energy,
    time & commitment be well distributed across domains” (p.81). Work Life Balance is defined
    as “global assessment that work resources meet family demands and family resources meet
    work demands such that participation is effective in both domains” (Voydanoff, 2005, p.825).
    Frone (2003) sees such a balance as “a condition where there is minimal conflict and
    substantial facilitation between work & family spheres.”

    5. WORK LIFE BALANCE WOMEN EMPLOYEES
    In Banks Career has now become integral part of women due to several factors such as
    promotion of educated women, growing economic force, and an ever burning desire to be
    socially and economically independent. The enormous employment opportunities created by
    banks help potential women aspirants to seek jobs in banking arena. Women job seekers find
    these specific banking jobs more attractive due to their innate traits which submissively suits
    banks nature of work. Therewith, the entry of women folk to banking sector due to abundant
    employment opportunities helped to occupy positions in all cadres not only in public, private
    but also in new generation banks. As is revealed by a survey headed by Prof. Ivanovich,
    Department head at the National centre of Public Health protection, Bulgaria on „working
    conditions in the banking sector‟, women employees experienced more discomfort compared
    to male counterparts in banking sector. The psychological distress physical discomforts such
    as headache, eyestrain along with fatigue was observed in Women employees. Although
    women employees working in public and private sector banks make themselves qualified with
    CAIIB and other officer Cadre exams, they give up promotional opportunities due to fear of
    being dislocated from the family. Women executives at the age of thirty find an imbalance in
    work life due to the very thought of attending toddlers, attending to the requirements of new
    born creates a sense of distraction which may have an impact on the productivity of the
    female executives.
    Women while performing different roles according to the positions occupies namely
    accountant, Forex officer, and Assistant branch manager tend not to leave the banks without
    tallying the daily formalities. Hence, the Work Life harmony becomes a dream for women
    employees across banks. Besides the women executives may need to move across banks to
    attend official meetings or any mode of assignments which keeps them away from their
    family. Research confirms that majority of women are working 40-45 hrs per week and most
    of them are unable to achieve Work Life Balance. Women employees not only strive to
    manage the routine family commitments on one hand but even the day-to-day assigned
    official tasks on the other which disrupt Work Life Harmony.

    http://www.iaeme.com/IJM/index.asp 235 editor@iaeme.com

  4. To Study the Work life Balance among Working Women, Post Maternity in Banking Sector

    6. PERSPECTIVES OF WOMEN TOWARDS BANKING SECTOR
    In our hustling lives, we will in general overlook that probably the most significant grown-ups
    in our lives were our educators when we were growing up. It very well may be far from being
    obviously true whether there is a lady behind an effective man, yet it is unquestionable that
    there are some extraordinary instructors behind each fruitful man and lady. In learning one
    can educate, and in training you learn. I discover instructing as perhaps the best calling due to
    following reasons: It is establishing and lowering calling which offers you a possibility of
    ceaselessly showing signs of improvement. It has its high points and low points yet overall it’s
    satisfying when you help youngsters to leave school with better than average evaluations and
    realize they have a future. The children’s energies; their curiosity makes rouses showing them
    and pushing them harder. What’s more, once in a while these Kids are genuine enjoyment. It
    extends employment opportunity security. Indeed, even in the midst of monetary battle when
    different businesses cut back, instructors will consistently be required. According to my
    experience, what I have found in individuals is they need income without work and easy
    secure life. In short Government occupations resemble secure life line.
    Numerous administration employments convey with them appealing work and occasion
    plans. First of all, you’ll get all legislature and open occasions off, which probably won’t be
    the situation if you somehow managed to work in the private area. Working in government
    additionally frequently expects you to be a piece of an association, which can have a couple of
    disadvantages, in any case encourages you arrange a reasonable pay and takes care of your
    interests. Government occupations has most elevated security there is no possibility that they
    will free there employments except if they got and demonstrated that they are not qualified for
    carrying out that responsibility. Government employments has secure advancements, it is
    extremely unlikely that you should be master for getting advancement or some other
    aptitudes. In the event that you have finished some pre-dated course of events in a position,
    without a doubt you will be advanced on the off chance that you are administration
    representative of course individuals we consider you to be large chief. Individuals will run to
    and fro to stand out enough to be noticed to ensure their work is finished. In the event that you
    are an administration worker there is a planned of getting top of the line proposition to be
    engaged too. As being Indian, I see marriage is viewed as amalgamation of two families get
    profits by one another. So each other attempt to get best of one another. On the off chance that
    you are an administration representative there is no doubt you resemble hot cake.

    6.1. Need
    In India of the all out 30 percent individuals who are lower than neediness line, 70 percent are
    ladies. Ladies’ neediness in India is acceptably identified with the nonattendance of monetary
    chances and independence, absence of access to financial assets including credit, land
    proprietorship and legacy, absence of access to instruction and support administrations and
    their negligible support in the basic leadership process. The circumstance of ladies on
    monetary front is no better men despite everything appreciate a bigger portion of the cake. In
    this manner poverty remains at the base of sexual orientation separation in our man centric
    culture and this monetary reliance on the male partner is itself a reason for sex uniqueness.

    6.2. Absence of Employment Facilities
    Females are not ready to determine the disagreement between new economic and old built-up
    jobs. In both provincial and urban India, ladies invest a huge extent of energy in unpaid home
    supporting work. Ladies are not ready to react to new chances and move to new occupations
    in light of the fact that their versatility will in general be low due to intra-house hold allotment
    of duties. Rights and commitments inside a house hold are not disseminated equitably. Male

    http://www.iaeme.com/IJM/index.asp 236 editor@iaeme.com

  5. Mandeep Kaur and Dr. C. Venkateswaran

    responsibility for and regular division of work decrease impetuses for ladies to attempt new
    exercises. What’s more youngster bearing has clear ramifications for work power interest by
    ladies. Time spent in bearing and rising of youngsters frequently brings about de-Skilling, end
    of long haul work contacts. Hence ladies are not having the option to be financially
    independent because of joblessness and their monetary reliance on the male partner is itself a
    reason for sexual orientation difference.

    6.3. Social Customs, Beliefs and Practices
    Women are not liberated from social traditions, convictions and practices. The predictable
    concept about joint family framework limits ladies’ jobs generally to the residential circle,
    allotting them to a subordinate status, authority and force contrasted with men. Men are seen
    as the significant suppliers and defenders of a family while ladies are seen as assuming just a
    steady job, taking care of the hearth. Young men and young ladies are as needs be useless for
    various grown-up jobs, status and authority. In Indian culture since early periods, men have
    ruled ladies as a gathering and their status has been low in the family and society. The
    preference for children and disgrace towards girl is mind boggling wonder that despite
    everything endures in numerous spots. Children particularly in the business networks are
    viewed as monetary, political and ceremonial resources where as little girls are viewed as
    liabilities. Consequently hostile to female social tendency is the primary driver of sex
    difference in our general public.

    6.4. Social Altitude
    In unkindness of the fact that numerous social activists and reformers conveyed their
    campaign against all social chances to reestablish respect and poise to ladies, attitudinal
    variations despite everything chase our provincial masses. In spite of expressed social
    improvement and innovative progression, ladies in our general public despite everything keep
    on being sufferers of misuse, superstition, absence of education and social monstrosities. The
    social shame that ladies are servants and ought to be kept to the four dividers of the house is
    maybe a suitable motivation of sex difference. They ought not to speak loudly in regards to
    their fortune for the glory of the family. In male centric culture a great deal of weight age is
    given to men.

    6.5. Absence of Awareness of Women
    The greater parts of the females are uneducated of their fundamental rights and capacities.
    They even don’t have the understanding about how the financial and political powers
    influence them. They acknowledge a wide range of prejudicial practices that continue in our
    family and society to a great extent because of their numbness and ignorance. If women get
    equivalent open doors like men, they can work in each field like men. Today on the off
    chance that she lingers behind a bit, it isn’t her deficiency however the issue of conventions
    which have stifled them for quite a long time , attributable to this, her own considerations like
    additionally stay nearby just familial life and her closest condition likewise doesn’t give great
    conditions to her commitment in the outside work. So as to change the circumstance
    alongside monetary development social advancement is likewise enormously required. Thus
    the need of great importance is to viably battle sexual orientation uniqueness as to advance
    sex balance by adequately enabling the ladies.

    http://www.iaeme.com/IJM/index.asp 237 editor@iaeme.com

  6. To Study the Work life Balance among Working Women, Post Maternity in Banking Sector

    7. FACTORS CONTRIBUTING IN INCREASING GENDER
    DISCRIMINATION
    While there are numerous components that clarify sex differentials in mortality and
    horribleness, a key determinant is sex imbalance. Sex imbalances show in various manners,
    for example, inconsistent access to assets, force, instruction and oppressive socio-social
    practices.

    7.1. Home Related Factors
    Time required for family unit errands and thinking about the family is one of the most
    significant factors in the contention originating from the family circle, particularly in families
    with kids. Along these lines, the double pay couples with kids will in general have a more
    noteworthy number of contentions between the accomplices and a more significant level of
    worry than their partners without youngsters. Starting here of view, the sexual orientation jobs
    model expect that the idea of the job requests varies in men and women. This time is spent on
    exercises, for example, thinking about kids or relatives or family unit tasks. So despite the fact
    that ladies have started to emphatically frame some portion of the work power and to invest
    more energy with their kids dealing with them, they neither expect a reduction in their pay as
    much as ladies accomplish for work interferences because of family issues nor remain at
    home to deal with their youngsters. Most men despite everything keep up full contribution in
    their work in light of the fact that their female couple accepts the accountability for caring
    their kids. In this way, we can reason that ladies will endure more by the impedance of the
    family at work, in light of the fact that their more prominent contribution in the family will
    can subtract them time, quality and devotion to their work; notwithstanding, men will endure
    more by the obstruction of work in the family. Actually, a high ramifications in the family
    circle has been demonstrated connected to a higher family-to-work impedance just in ladies
    .Moreover, men don’t feel a commitment when they are associated with the home as ladies do,
    as they see it more as a leisure activity or a free decision. Likewise, those house errands that
    keep the home each day (shopping, cooking, washing dishes, washing garments, and cleaning
    the house) are viewed as female; while those thought about male or unbiased assignments
    don’t include day by day commitment. Some social translation contend that ladies are
    progressively engaged with house errands and would prefer not to completely share as a result
    of the conviction this is fundamental to their sex character and a wellspring of intensity in the
    family, while spouses, whose sexual orientation personality has generally been set apart by
    paid work, would not question do less family unit tasks than their wives. As spouses are not
    accessible for family unit tasks, wives endure over-burden by family errands and passionate
    requests identified with youngsters providing care, which will build still more ladies stress
    and family to work impedance.

    7.2. Socio-Cultural Factors
    Based on previously mentioned proof of position of ladies in Indian history it very well may
    be said that the central rule of Hindu social association is a shut structure to safeguard land,
    ladies and custom virtue inside it. A bunch of Brahmans (all the more explicitly, the religious
    class) has forced different traditions and customs which discusses inclination for a male kid
    and prevalence of male in our family and society. The principle strict explanation behind child
    inclination is situated in the Hindu belief, progressively pervasive among India‟s higher ranks.
    The traditions of youngster marriage and gauna were restricted so as to build the cutoff of
    eligible age. This will thusly give them chance to benefit instruction and work which will
    contribute in making them free and ladies won’t be viewed as a burden. A culture fortifies the
    sexual orientation job and way of life of spouse and wives. Today, we watch changes in ladies

    http://www.iaeme.com/IJM/index.asp 238 editor@iaeme.com

  7. Mandeep Kaur and Dr. C. Venkateswaran

    requests and needs in the public arena which they are expected to understand their lost right,
    and accomplish the sex correspondence. The present research has been done to contemplate
    socio-social components influencing the sex disparity, and variable, including majority rules
    system philosophy, sexual orientation stereotype convictions and sex socialization have been
    researched. Woman, as a sex class, implies organic being whose body make-up and traits are
    not quite the same as that of a man. As far as a sex classification, a lady is a social being that,
    from social and social perspective, is relied upon to carry on in a specific way which makes
    them look sub-par compared to men.

    7.3. Religious Factors
    The status of Indian ladies in the public arena is different around the world. Among numerous
    significant characteristics related with the separation of sex imbalance is religion, which itself
    must be viewed as a liquid idea with translations and practices ‘implanted’ and along these
    lines shifting as for social and chronicled relations. Conceding the intricacy of the issues,
    some strict standards and customs can add to the development of sexual orientation
    imbalances and to subordinate the job of ladies in society. Gender inequality1 has a place
    among the most predominant types of social disparity and exists everywhere throughout the
    world, with various impacts in various areas. These distinctions are fundamentally because of
    social heritages, authentic improvement, geographic area, and, to wrap things up, the strict
    standards which overcome in the community field.

    7.4. Economic Factors
    The sexual orientation pay gap is a metric that reveals to us the distinction in pay among
    ladies and men. It’s a proportion of imbalance and catches an idea that is more extensive than
    the idea of comparable compensation for equal work. Contrasts in pay among people catch
    contrasts along numerous potential measurements, including specialist instruction, experience
    and occupation. At the point when the sexual orientation pay hole is determined by
    contrasting every single male laborer with every female specialist – independent of contrasts
    along these extra measurements – the outcome is the ‘crude’ or ‘unadjusted’ pay gap. Despite
    what might be expected, when the hole is determined subsequent to representing hidden
    contrasts in training, experience, and so forth. At that point the outcome is the ‘balanced’ pay
    gap. Segregation in contracting practices can exist without pay gap

    8. CONCLUSION
    This study explains the Service sector contribution to the global output is more. The service
    factor itself is the largest part of the economy for the countries around the world, the worthy
    reason being urbanization, privatization and instant demand for final consumer services.
    Quality services being the ingredient for welfare of an economy, the primary and secondary
    sectors are directly dependent on the progress of services like banking, insurance, trade and
    commerce together with entertainment, social and personal aspects specifically in advanced
    economies. Service sector shows a complimentary role and accelerates the process of
    development through quality improvement and enhancement with efficiency of productivity
    and developmental activities.

    REFERENCES
    [1] V Kandaswamy Sharma, Dr. Beulah Suresh and Dr. S Uma Mageswari, A Conceptual
    Analysis on Work Life Balance. Journal of Management, 5(4), 2018, pp. 97–100
    [2] Dr. S. Jayaraman, Dr. J. Suhashini, U. Geetha and E. Manju, A Study on Impact of Job
    Related Factors on work Life Balance of Automobile Sector Workers in Dindigul District,

    http://www.iaeme.com/IJM/index.asp 239 editor@iaeme.com

  8. To Study the Work life Balance among Working Women, Post Maternity in Banking Sector

    International Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Technology, 9(11), 2018, pp. 1732–
    1740
    [3] Dr. Ajit Kumar Khareand Anupam Kapoor, A Study on Work Life Balance among
    Women Labor in Garment Units of NCR, India. International Journal of Management,
    10(1), 2019, pp. 19-25
    [4] Raghavendra H K and Raghunandan M V, Women Engineers and Work Life Balance A
    case study of Women working in Manufacturing Industries in Mysuru City, International
    Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Technology 9(1), 2018. pp. 752–755
    [5] Dr. A. Irin Sutha, A Study on Work Life Balance of Women Professors Working in
    Selected Colleges in Chennai City, International Journal of Management, 10 (4), 2019,
    pp. 159–167

    http://www.iaeme.com/IJM/index.asp 240 editor@iaeme.com

Download tài liệu To study the work life balance among working women, post maternity in banking sector File Word, PDF về máy