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IELTS Foundation Student’s Book ANSWER_KEY IELTS Foundation Student’s Book Answer Key 1 1 Studying Abroad Listening 1 p6 Why study IELTS? 1 18 2 2b 3 29th October 4 0825 701 6924 (note, the other number is in Hong Kong) 5 (about) 3 (years) Language focus 1 p6 Forming Questions 1 How old is he? 2 What are your hobbies? 3 Why are you taking IELTS? 4 What are you going to study? 5 What would you like to do in the future? 2 1 Can you speak Chinese? 2 How often do you speak English? 3 How old are you? 4 Why did you go there? 5 Who is teaching you / Who teaches you? 6 What are you doing? 7 How do I / you complete this form, please? 8 Where does he live now? 9 When will you go home? / When are you going home? 10 What time does it start? Speaking skills p7 Expanding answers 1 b 2 a 3 e 4 g 5 f or d Speaking 1 p7 Possible questions 1 Where do you live? 2 Have you got any brothers and sisters? 3 Do you have any hobbies? 4 What would you like to study? 5 What would you like to do in the future? IELTS Foundation Student’s Book Answer Key 2 Listening 2 p8 1 looking different / being tall 2 (the) (extreme) heat 3 Finland 4 read (anything / Japanese) 5 eat with / use chopsticks Vocabulary p8 Dependent prepositions Sentence a: good at, interested in Sentence c: nervous about Sentence d: frightened of Sentence f: fascinated by 3 1 by 2 from 3 on 4 at 5 about 6 about 5 1 in 2 by 3 from 4 on 5 about 6 about Reading 1 p9 2 • shock of a new environment, meeting lots of new people and learning the ways of a different country • being separated from the important people in you life: people you would normally talk to at times of uncertainty… • missing familiar sights, sounds and tastes • being tired and jet-lagged 5 A 4 B 1 C 5 D 2 E 3 Multiple choice 1 B (paragraph B: … you are still protected by the close memory of your home culture.) 2 A (paragraph E: Next you may reject the differences you encounter.) 3 D (encourage students to look at key words: returning home, promote, warn) IELTS Foundation Student’s Book Answer Key 3 Listening 3 p11 Note completion 1 in touch with / in contact with 2 photo(graph)s 3 your country 4 (other) international students 5 (some) support Writing 1 p12 Understanding key features of data a key b vertical axis c bar chart d horizontal axis e axes f line graph 3 1 Years from 96/97 to 00/01 2 Thousands of students 3 Subjects studied 4 b) Changes over time 5 Engineering and Technology, and Computer Sciences 6 Probably b) subjects, as students will probably pick out the fact that some subjects increased in popularity, while others declined. Writing an introductory statement 1 A: what the graph or chart shows but it is not written using exactly the same wording as the question. 2 C: namely subjects which became more popular and those which became less popular – this also summarizes how the writer has chosen to group the information 3 F: (see above) 4 T: after the main ideas have been introduced, more specific details can be added. Describing data which shows changes over time 1 Biological Sciences 2 Computer Sciences 3 Engineering and Technology, Computer Sciences 4 Physical Sciences 5 Engineering and Technology 6 Medicine and Dentistry IELTS Foundation Student’s Book Answer Key 4 Language focus 2 p14 Understanding how sentences work 1.1 1 an adjective: sharp, popular 2 a linking word: although, and 3 a noun: Engineering, Technology, drop, popularity, subjects 4 an article: a, the 5 a preposition: to, of, in, with, from, over 6 an adverb: nearly, still, just 1.2 Engineering and Technology 2 Subject Verb Object/Complement/ Adverbial 1 Others dropped in popularity 2 This remained the least popular subject of the five 3 Biological Sciences showed a steady increase… 4 There was a sharp increase in… 5 There was a slight fall… 3 (1) More and more college students from the United States are going abroad to study. (2) In 1997 to 1998, 100,000 American students earned college credits abroad. (3) However, recent figures show that while American students are leaving the country to study abroad, thousands of foreign students are coming to study in the US. (4) In 1987 to 1998, there were 500,000 foreign students studying at American colleges and universities, over 10% more than in the previous year. Writing 2 p15 1 See model answer on page 160 of the Student’s Book. Language focus 3 p16 Quantifiers 1 1 The students spend a lot of time watching football. (we prefer not to use much / many in positive statements) 2 The majority of the students prefer watching football to playing it. (majority usually takes the definite article) 3 Some / Some of the students like playing basketball. 4 The students don’t spend much / a lot of time playing basketball. (time is uncountable) 5 The number of students who play hockey is larger then the number who play football. 6 A large number of students enjoy watching football. 7 Several of the students don’t play any sport. (a plural group) 8 The students spend a large amount of time watching sport. IELTS Foundation Student’s Book Answer Key 5 2 1 plural 2 questions / negative sentences, uncountable 3 countable 4 countable 5 uncountable 6 second Study skills p17 Ways of recording vocabulary 2 1 3 2 4 3 1 a 2 e 3 d 4 f 5 g 6 c 7 b IELTS Foundation Student’s Book Answer Key 6 2 Earth today Reading 1 p18 Prediction 2 1 cars 2 noise, smell, dirt, expense 3 Student’s own answers. 3 Possible answer Problems caused by cars. Guessing meaning from context 1 EU 2 decade 3 congestion 4 asphyxiated 5 subsidized 6 (on) the Continent Matching paragraphs to headings 1 Paragraph C (…congestion costs Europe up to £85 billion a year.) 2 Paragraph D (…is forecast to increase by 50 per cent …) 3 Paragraph F (Bad policies have increased car and truck use…) 4 Paragraph B (Britons love their cars…a major new EU study shows.) 5 Paragraph E (In Britain that means trying to cut the need to travel.) 6 Paragraph G (Brussels want to cut traffic and pollution with extra taxes…) Short answer questions 6 1 three times (Paragraph B: .has tripled…) 2 £85 billion (Paragraph C: exact words) 3 50 per cent (Paragraph D: exact words) 4 65 per cent (Paragraph I: exact words) 5 10 per cent (Paragraph I: …our fares…ie Britain’s) 6 40 per cent (Paragraph I: …on the Continent…ie Europe) 7 1 cycling and walking 2 lack of interest 3 congestion charging Choosing the best title 4 The solution to road traffic. IELTS Foundation Student’s Book Answer Key 7 Language focus 1 p21 Subject-verb agreement 1 subject verb singular / plural 1 Bad policies have increased plural 2 The cost of alternative forms is rising Singular 3 Public transport fares have risen Plural 4 10 per cent of our fares are subsidized plural 2 0 Nobody seems … (nobody is a singular subject) 1 Correct 2 None of the cars … were (plural form as cars) 3 Correct 4 Most people own a car (people takes a verb in the plural) 5 Correct 6 Neither of us travel (Neither takes a plural verb form) 7 Correct 8 Car users pay … (Car users takes a verb in the plural) Pronunciation Numbers and figures 1 A decimal: 3.75 (NB: three point seven five, NOT seventy five) 2 A date: 13/11/86 (here written with BritEng convention of dd/mm/yy 3 The size of an area: 600km2 (NB square kilometers OR kilometers squared) 4 A height: 6,900m 5 A weight: 30kg 6 A distance: 4,016km (NB thousand, NOT thousands) 7 A price: $450 8 A fraction: ¾ (clarify other decimals eg 1/3, and ordinal patterns such as 3/5) 9 A speed: 80km/h 10 A percentage: 59% 11 A temperature: 54°C 12 A ratio: 4:1 Listening p22 Short answers 1 half a tonne 2 two-thirds 3 10 per cent 4 25 million tonnes 5 to produce electricity 6 2020 IELTS Foundation Student’s Book Answer Key 8 Sentence completion 7 reduce 8 reuse 9 collection dustbins (or waste) / take away rubbish 10 bottles 11 newspapers 12 magazines 13 recycling bins 14 (black) rubbish bags Language focus 2 p23 Present simple vs. present continuous 1 J: There are quite a few things that are being done, mostly by local councils. They are responsible for household ‘dustbin’ collections, or taking away all the rubbish you produce in the home. In recent years many more sites have been set up to collect waste separately for recycling. There are often containers in car parks or outside supermarkets for people to put bottles: clear, green and brown bottles are separated. Also, newspapers and magazines can be recycled as well as tins made of aluminium. One of the problems of this, though, is that most people are not bothering to take their rubbish there. To overcome this, some local councils also provide special containers, often called ‘recycling bins’ for residents to collect glass and paper in. They put these outside their houses at the same time as their rubbish, and they are collected and recycled. L: I see. So are you saying that recycling is more important than actually reducing waste? J: No. Nowadays, many products are increasing being designed with reuse or recycling in mind and I think, in general, people are far more aware about these issues. 2 Sample Answers Present simple 1 clear, green and brown bottles are separated / They put these outside their houses … / they are collected and recycled. 2 newspapers and magazines can be recycled / They are responsible / There are often containers in car parks / some local councils also provide / people are far more aware Present continuous 1 So are you saying …? 2 There are quite a few things that are being done, / many products are increasingly being designed / most people are not bothering to takes their rubbish there. Pronunciation 2 p24 Sentence stress 2 1 keeping animals in zoos is really cruel. 2 They cause so much noise and pollution. 3 I’m convinced that more people would recycle if… 4 1 If you ask me… 2 I much pref er… 3 I honestly think that… IELTS Foundation Student’s Book Answer Key 9 Speaking skills p24 Giving and justifying opinions Topic Opinion Main reasons Zoos Cruel – Animals should remain in wild Taken away from natural habitats Lack of space Cars banned in city centres? Yes – prefers pedestrianized centres Noise pollution Why recycle? Good – to re-use resources More people would do it if easier / more convenient Speaker doesn’t recycle much as lazy and finds it inconvenient Writing p25 Organizing your writing 1 Suggested answers 1 Read the instructions and question carefully. 2 Analyse the question. 3 Brainstorm ideas. 4 Note down a rough essay plan organized by paragraph headings. 5 Write the essay. 6 Check for errors. 3 1 Non-specialist audience 2 Problems caused by cars 3 40 minutes 4 250 words 4 Example answers ‘…excessive number of cars…leads to many problems.’ ‘Individual and governments…public transport’ ‘…tackle…problems.’ 5 1 Writing for a non-specialist audience requires students to write in a semi-formal style but not quite as formal as writing for a university lecturer, for example. 2 Yes, eg There are too many cars on the road and this causes many problems. 3 More public transport would be a solution to these problems and the government and individuals have a duty to be involved in this. 4 Write an essay agreeing or disagreeing with the statement, ie whether governments and individuals should consider public transport more. The argument needs to be backed up by relevant ideas and evidence. IELTS Foundation Student’s Book Answer Key 10 6 Example answers 1 Pollution Problems: exhaust fumes, gases, harmful Vocabulary: carbon monoxide, destroy, leaded / unleaded petrol, etc. Traffic Congestion Problems: traffic jams, delays, heavy traffic Vocabulary: lateness, gridlock, etc. Road safety Problems: accidents, speeding, drink-driving Vocabulary: dangerous, injuries, deaths, etc. 2 Over-reliance on the car (for unnecessary journeys) Poor and limited public transport services Expense of pubic transport Lack of car-sharing / pooling Poor road safety – dangerous roads / signs / driving Environmentally unfriendly fuels, eg leaded petrol 3 Improve and provide more public transport services Reduce public transport costs Road safety campaigns / improve roads More unleaded petrol Increase car / road taxes 4 Use public transport more Reduce amount of unnecessary journeys Share cars to work Drive more carefully 7 Possible plan Paragraph 1: Introduction – Increase in traffic in general Paragraph 2: Problems caused by traffic Paragraph 3: Public transport – individual solutions Paragraph 4: Public transport – government solutions Paragraph 5: Summary of opinions – public transport very important 10 1 The candidate addresses the question reasonably well stating an opinion that an increase in public transport would be a good idea while commentating in the drawbacks of too much private transport. 2 The essay is well organized into paragraphs with a clear introduction and conclusion and there is a logical progression to the argument. It is approximately the right length (259 words). 3 Grammar, vocabulary and spelling need some attention (see answers below) and use of linking words could be improved. See below for samples from text. 1 Grammar – transport is 2 Spelling – considerably 3 Delete word – the or wrong word – a rise in 4 Word form – fewer people using their own cars 5 Subject-verb agreement – are 6 Punctuation – no full stop before because, so no capital letter 7 Add word – but / who 8 Grammar – increase in the use of […]… like to do in the future? IELTS Foundation Student’s Book Answer Key 25 4 Different types of employment could be grouped and then the data needs to be compared / contrasted. So describing all of the first pie chart followed by the second pie chart would not be appropriate. See Model answers on page 161 of the Student’s Book. IELTS Foundation Student’s Book Answer Key 26 6 Crime… evidence or reasons for it. 2 1 C 2 A 3 B 4 D IELTS Foundation Student’s Book Answer Key 5 2 1 plural 2 questions / negative sentences, uncountable 3 countable 4 countable 5 uncountable 6 second Study skills p17 Ways of recording vocabulary 2 1 3 2 4 3 1 a 2 e 3 d 4 f 5 g 6 c 7 b IELTS Foundation Student’s Book Answer Key 21 5 A career or a job? Listening… tonnes 5 to produce electricity 6 2020 IELTS Foundation Student’s Book Answer Key 1 1 Studying Abroad Listening 1 p6 Why study IELTS? 1 18 2 2b 3 29th October 4 0825 701 6924 (note, the other number is in Hong Kong) 5 (about) 3 (years) Language focus 1 p6 Forming Questions 1 How old is he? 2 What are your hobbies? 3 Why are you taking IELTS? 4 What are you going to study? 5… email@example.com IELTS Foundation Student’s Book Answer Key 38 Writing p95 Expressing your opinion 1 C – use of direct question is inappropriate in writing 2 A – appropriate use of impersonal style 3 B – personal opinion using ‘I’ but appropriate in an IELTS Task 2 essay 4 A – appropriate use of impersonal style 5 B – personal opinion using ‘I’ but appropriate in an IELTS Task 2 essay… simultaneously 1 (just) born clever 2 influence them 3 2,000 words 4 environmental 5 results might differ / are different 6 reasons or evidence 7 according to author 8 next tutorial IELTS Foundation Student’s Book Answer Key 12 3 Out of this world Reading skills p30 Skimming and scanning 1 1 Dennis Tito’s age (line2) 2 Distance (in miles) of the International Space Station from the… juice, tea and coffee, all in toothpaste-like tubes Guessing meaning from content 1 C 2 A 3 A 4 B 5 A 6 B Language focus p32 Articles 1 Indefinite articles 1 c 2 b 3 a IELTS Foundation Student’s Book Answer Key 42 Skimming and scanning 4 0 Transistor radio (Seventy-four per cent of Japanese homes had a radio in the mid-Fifties…) 1 Bush TV (Legend has it that many of these… room) 8 NOT GIVEN (Transistor radio – we only know they were popular in Japan) Listening 2 p106 2 Sales in Billions $ Years 85 20 IELTS Foundation Student’s Book Answer Key 6 2 Earth today Reading 1 p18 Prediction 2 1 cars 2 noise, smell, dirt, expense 3 Student’s own answers. 3 Possible answer Problems caused by cars. Guessing… per cent (Paragraph I: …on the Continent…ie Europe) 7 1 cycling and walking 2 lack of interest 3 congestion charging Choosing the best title 4 The solution to road traffic. IELTS Foundation Student’s Book Answer Key 40 Study skills p101 Editing 1 1 See exercise 2. 2 I am an international student. 1 studying Business at (wrong word) 2 Plymouth University. I have been here… learning learn (wrong form) the business. I will work very hardly hard (wrong form), that which (wrong word) will please my father, and I hope I will soon be (missing word) promoted! IELTS Foundation Student’s Book Answer Key 7 Language focus 1 p21 Subject-verb agreement 1 subject verb singular / plural 1 Bad policies have increased plural 2 The cost of alternative forms is rising.. .IELTS Foundation Student’s Book Answer Key 14 Writing p38 Task 1: Selecting significant information 3 3 There was an increase in the number of visitors to Australia in the 1990s. 4 3 (the highest figures
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