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Khóa hc Luyn thi PEN-I: Môn Ting Anh (Cô Nguyt Ca) thi s 01 Hocmai.vn – Ngôi trng chung ca hc trò Vit Tng đài t vn: 1900 58-58-12 – Trang | 1 – Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation in each of the following questions. 1. A. spe cies B. invent C. medicine D. tennis 2. A. superstar B. harvest C. particular D. part Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the words whose stress is placed different from that of the others in each of the following questions. 3. A. commercial B. constructive C. essential D. national 4. A. copy B. remove C. notice D. cancel 5. A. curriculum B. economics C. hesitation D. calculation Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions 6. The bank has over 100 branches, ____ in a major urban area. A. each locating C. the location of which B. each located D. and the located 7. Mathew was forced to ____ from the government due to ill health. A. lower B. abandon C. resign D. desert 8. Are you ____ with the computer software they use? A. knowledgeable B. intimate C. familiar D. native 9. There‟s been a rash of burglaries in our area ____ the last few months. A. since B. through C. over D. while 10. To the best of my ____ that dentist‟s name was Thomas Gareth. A. thinking B. recollection C. mind D. remembrance 11. We realized our visit in their house was unwelcome by the ____ smile on the women‟s face. A. artificial B. fictional C. stimulating D. forged 12. ____ is someone who can reduce spending without hurting morale. A. What is needed C. What needs being needed B. What needs D. That which needs 13. General Custer was confident of victory despite being vastly ____ the enemy. A. outnumbered B. outclassed C. overcome D. overtaken 14. Don‟t tell me you‟ve read War and peace ____! A. yet B. still C. already D. just 15. The ministry refused to ____ the figures to the press. A. release B. dismiss C. show D. add 16. Look, will you stop ____ in and let me finish my sentence! A. moving B. pushing C. butting D. plugging 17. Her young daughter ____ on the sofa, wishing they were out at play. A. fidgeted B. shifted C. twisted D. moved S 01 Giáo viên: NGUYT CA ây là đ thi t luyn s 01 thuc khóa hc Luyn thi PEN-I: Môn Ting Anh (Cô Nguyt Ca) . s dng hiu qu, bn cn làm trc các câu hi trong đ trc khi so sánh vi đáp án và hng dn gii chi tit trong video bài ging (phn 1 , phn 2 và phn 3). Khóa hc Luyn thi PEN-I: Môn Ting Anh (Cô Nguyt Ca) thi s 01 Hocmai.vn – Ngôi trng chung ca hc trò Vit Tng đài t vn: 1900 58-58-12 – Trang | 2 – 18. – „Have you decided on a present yet?‟ – „Almost. I need to choose one of ____.‟ A. Exciting new two spy novels B. New two exciting spy novels C. Two spy exciting new novels D. Two exciting new spy novels 19. I got very nervous during the exam. When the examiner asked my name, my mind went completely ____. A. empty B. blank C. white D. void 20. Some people are ____ interested in animals than in other people. A. further B. far more C. much D. most 21. There‟s a rumor that the National Bank is going to ____ the company I work for. A. take over B. overtake C. take on D. take off 22. The guidance counselor urged ____ a foreign language. A. All of us studying B. All that we study C. Us all to study D. That all we study 23. I hope he won‟t be disappointed. He seems ____ confident for his own good. A. so very B. much too C. extremely D. more than 24. Snakes have an organ in a pit on their heads ____ in fared rays. A. detects B. a detection of C. it detects D. that detects 25. She has a 12-year-old and a 5-year-old, so I guess I spoke to the ____ two. A. older one out of C. older of the B. one who is older than the D. older than the 26. Everyone congratulated July on her suggestion, but actually I thought of it ___ A. first B. at first C. firstly D. at the beginning 27. It was ____ hot day that we decided to leave work early and go to the beach. A. so B. such C. a so D. such a 28. – „Have we got enough flour for the cake?‟ – „I ____. I‟d better go out and buy more‟. A. think so B. think not C. don‟t think D. think it isn‟t 29. He told his father a long and ____ story to explain his lateness. A. inconceivable B. unconvincing C. unimaginable D. incredulous 30. He ____ me to believe that they had left the district. A. made B. led C. assured D. confirmed 31. I do wish you two boys would be more ____ to the others in the class. A. dominant B. alert C. careful D. respectful 32. The man gave a series of ____ answers which told them nothing more. A. tricky B. uncertain C. evasive D. elusive 33. Steve ____ his chances of passing by spending too much time on the first question. A. threw out B. threw off C. threw away D. threw in 34. Mr. Jones gave his sons some money to ____ them up in business. A. get B. set C. put D. make 35. Perhaps, the fresh scrap of evidence will throw some new ____ on the murder case in Wiltshire. A. light B. vision C. flash D. spark 36. Jimmy gave up his work in the hotel kitchen and became a (n) ____ soldier in the army. A. intentional B. deliberate C. optional D. voluntary 37. Paul‟s been in Alice‟s bad ____ ever since he offenses her at the party. A. eyes B. books C. likes D. treats 38. ____ could only have been made by someone totally incompetent. Khóa hc Luyn thi PEN-I: Môn Ting Anh (Cô Nguyt Ca) thi s 01 Hocmai.vn – Ngôi trng chung ca hc trò Vit Tng đài t vn: 1900 58-58-12 – Trang | 3 – A. How serious a mistake C. Such serious mistake B. So serious a mistake D. So serious is this mistake Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that is the CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined part in each of the following questions 39. Because the jury had reached a deadlock , the judge called for a retrial A. impasse B. verdict C. disagreement D. reduction 40. The snarling dog on my doorstep disconcerted the potential thief A. frustrated B. attacked C. bit D. disconnected 41. Car owners who live by the sea are well aware of the havoc salt water causes to a car‟s finish A. distortion B. drag C. destruction D. care Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on the answer sheet to show the underlined part that needs correction. 42. By the (A) time of the dinosaurs, turtles (B) have already developed the hard shell (C) into which their heads and legs could be (D) drawn . 43. (A) The closer it gets to December 21, the first day (B) of winter, the (C) short the days (D) become. 44. Somerset Maugham‟s (A) best – know novel, Of Human Bondage, is a (B) partially fictionalized account (C) of a unhappy (D) youth. 45: There are more than eight – four million (A) specimens in the National Museum of Natural History‟s (B) collection of biological, geological, (C) anthropology (D) treasures. 46. Up to World War II (A) almost all important (B) research in physics had (C) made in universities, with only university funds (D) for support . Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 47 to 57. (1) The Wensley hotels are all about the little extras – clearly there are enough people willing to pay for them. At this upmarket hotel chain, you can call on the bath butler if you are just too exhausted to fill your own tub, or glance through the pillow menu (yes, really , a menu of pillows). At a Colorado ski resort, your skis are taken to the slopes and your boots warmed each morning. And, at one Rocky Mountain hotel, you can even borrow a golden retriever to help make walks just that little bit more authentic. (2) This , and the decision of many Americans to holiday on their side of the Atlantic in recent years, has helped Wensley get through a difficult economic period. Of its 50 hotels, 32 are in the US and Caribbean, and the chain avoided cutting rates by offering „value‟ packages, such as room and car hire combined, to keep people coming through the doors. (3) The company‟s president and chief operating officer, Steven Watson, believes that while the economy has not been in good shape recently, a new generation of travelers, who place great importance on someone else running their baths, will ensure the chain‟s continued success. (4) The group wants to serve that new generation. Watson believes people still want luxury, particularly as they are now getting it from fewer and fewer places. „Consumers are much more demanding, sure they are, and even more so of the hotel industry because they aren‟t getting it from the airline industry, with its cheaper flights and reduced service. And we‟re seeing greater affluence (50). People are paying less for commodities and more for experiences.‟ (5) Things have changed over the 30 odd years that Watson has been in the business. Watson is obsessed with service. „High-speed Internet access, plasma TVs, better locks on the doors – it just goes on and on. The service today is vastly better than 30 years ago. The food is better than it was 10 years ago. The room decor is better, the beds are much, much better; you have a much better experience in your bed than you used to.‟ One thing hasn‟t changed, though: „It‟s still about motivating people and encouraging people so Khóa hc Luyn thi PEN-I: Môn Ting Anh (Cô Nguyt Ca) thi s 01 Hocmai.vn – Ngôi trng chung ca hc trò Vit Tng đài t vn: 1900 58-58-12 – Trang | 4 – the guests have the best possible treatment.‟ (6) This is exactly the sort of sentiment you would expect from a family firm. His three sons all work for the hotel chain, as does his daughter‟s husband. But Wensley is not a family firm. It is listed on the New York Exchange and its market value is over ten billion dollars. Mr. Watson is the largest shareholder. In total, the Watson family controls about 24 per cent of the group. (7) He has plans for the chain. „We are looking to do more internationally, both in Europe and Asia.‟ He is keen to move into Scotland – „I would love to be in Edinburgh but I don‟t know that the market is robust enough just yet.‟ – is looking for properties in Ireland and England to convert into country resorts. The chain is also launching boutique hotels with an Italian jeweler: the first opens later this year in Naples. (8) Mr. Watson is a busy man – and likes it that way: „My wife will tell you I have been saying I‟m going to retire in five years for the last 20 years. The reason I haven‟t retired is because the standard of living she expects just keeps rising. 47. What does the writer suggest by the user of „really ‟ in the first paragraph? A. It is a real menu. B. This is surprising but true. C. It is unusual to serve food in bed. D. They didn‟t really have a pillow menu. 48. What does „this ‟ in paragraph 2 refer to? A. The attention Wensley hotels pay to detail. B. The fact that you can borrow a dog at one hotel. C. The fact that enough people are willing to pay for these luxuries. D. The fact that many Wensley hotels are in the US. 49. Watson believes that the hotels ______ A. will carry on being successful. B. will be particularly successful during the tough economic period. C. will fail because the new generation of travelers don‟t like luxuries. D. can succeed if it attracts important new travelers. 50. What sort of experiences are people prepared to pay for, in Watson‟s view? A. Less comfortable flights. B. Better service during flights. C. The feeling of being affluent. D. Luxuries in hotels. 51. What aspect of the hotel business has remained constant, in Watson‟s view? A. If guests are encouraged, they will enjoy their stay. B. Guests need to be motivated to come and stay in hotels. C. Providing good service is the first priority of the hotel staff. D. Better facilities provide motivation. 52. What is Watson‟s attitude towards Edinburgh? A. He would like to live there. B. He would like to have a hotel there one day. C. He wants to move company headquarters there. D. He doesn‟t think there is a market for country resorts. 53. What impression do we get of Watson‟s attitude to his job from the last paragraph? A. He would like to stop working five years from now. B. He doesn‟t enjoy his job but his wife makes him work hard. C. He likes his job and doesn‟t want to stop working. D. He is annoyed with his wife. 54. What does „butler ‟ in paragraph 1 refer to? Khóa hc Luyn thi PEN-I: Môn Ting Anh (Cô Nguyt Ca) thi s 01 Hocmai.vn – Ngôi trng chung ca hc trò Vit Tng đài t vn: 1900 58-58-12 – Trang | 5 – A. Water in the bath tub. B. The servant who helps you fill water into the tub. C. The boss of the hotel. D. The bath towel. 55. What does „the economy has not been in good shape ‟ in paragraph 3 refer to? A. The economy has looked like a circle. B. The economy has been deformed. C. The economy has been going down. D. The economy has beautiful appearance. 56. What does “family firm ” in paragraph 6 refer to? A. A group of companies. B. A company whose founders are members in a family. C. A company which has products for families. D. A company which has services for families. 57. What does “boutique hotels ” in paragraph 7 refer to? A. Small hotels. B. Fashion shops. C. Supermarkets. D. Hotels which have luxury facilities in unique or intimate settings and some shops for rent. Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word for each of the blanks from 58 to 67. In “Cerealizing America”, Scott Bruce and Bill Crawford remark that the cereal industry uses 816 million pounds of sugar per year. Americans buy 2.7 billion packages of breakfast cereal each year. If (58) ______ end to end, the empty cereal boxes from one year’s consumption would (59) ______ to the moon and back. One point three (1.3) million advertisements for cereal are broadcast on American television every year at a(n) (60) _____ of $762 million for airtime. Only automobile manufacturers spend more money on television advertising than the makers of breakfast cereal. (61) ______ of the boxed cereals found in supermarkets contain large amounts of sugar and some contain more than 50% sugar. Cereal manufacturers are very clever in their marketing, making many cereals appear much healthier than they really are by fortifying them with vitamins and minerals. Oh, (62) ______you! Now have vitamin-fortified sugar! Before you eat any cereal, read the ingredient list and see how (63)_______ sugar appears on the ingredient list. Then check the “Nutrition facts” panel. There are actually only a small handful of national commercially-branded cereals that are made (64) ______whole grains and are sugar-free. If you shop at a health food store instead of your local supermarket, you (65)________to find a healthy, whole grain, sugar-free (or very low sugar) cereal. But (66) ______ ! Some of the health food store boxed cereals are sweetened with fruit juice or fructose. Although this may be an improvement (67)_______refined white sugar, this can really skyrocket the calories. From “Foods That Burn Fat, Foods That Turn to Fat” by Tom Ventulo 58. A. laying B. lay C. laid D. to lay 59. A. prolong B. stretch C. contact D. reach 60. A. cost B. charge C. average D. expense 61. A. Mostly B. Furthermost C. Most D. Almost 62. A. beautiful B. gorgeous C. lovely D. charming 63. A. many B. large C. tall D. high 64. A. by B. from C. at D. in Khóa hc Luyn thi PEN-I: Môn Ting Anh (Cô Nguyt Ca) thi s 01 Hocmai.vn – Ngôi trng chung ca hc trò Vit Tng đài t vn: 1900 58-58-12 – Trang | 6 – 65. A. would be able B. are more likelier C. could more or less D. are much more likely 66. A. see through B. keep alert C. look up D. watch out 67. A. from B. on C. with D. at Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word or phrase that is OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined part in each of the following questions. 68. Primary education in the United States is compulsory . A. selective B. optional C. required D. free of charge 69. Population growth rates vary among regions and even among countries within the same region. A. restrain B. stay unchanged C. remain unstable D. fluctuate 70. In some countries, the disease burden could be prevented through environmental improvements. A. something to suffer B. something enjoyable C. something sad D. something to entertain Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to of the question from 71 to 80. MUSICAL TALENT Among all the abilities with which an individual may be endowed, musical talent appears earliest in life. Very young children can exhibit musical precocity for different reasons. Some develop exceptional skills as a result of a well-designed instructional regime, such as the Suzuki method for the violin. Some have a good fortune to be born into a musical family in a household filled with music. In a number of interesting cases, musical talent is part of an otherwise disabling condition such as autism or mental retardation. A musically gifted child has an inborn talent; however, the extent to which the talent is expressed publicly will depend upon the environment in which the child lives. Musically gifted children master at an early age the principal elements of music, 11 including pitch and rhythm. Pitch – or – melody – is more central cultures, for example, in Eastern societies that make use of tiny quarter – tone interval… Rhythm, sounds produced at certain auditory frequencies and grouped according to a prescribed system, is emphasized in sub – Saharan African, where the rhythmic ratios can be very complex. All children have some aptitude for making music. During infancy, normal children sing as well as babble, and they can produce individual sounds and sounds patterns. Infants as young as two months can match their mother‟s songs in pitch, loudness, and melodic shape, and infants at four months can match rhythmic structure as well. Infants are especially predisposed to acquire these core aspects of music, and they can also engage in sound play that clearly exhibits creativity. Individual differences begin to merge in young children as they learn to sing. Some children can match large segments of a song by the age of two or three. Many others can only approximate pitch at this age and may still have difficulty in producing accurate melodies by the age of five or six. However, by the time they reach school age, most children in any culture have a schema of what a song should be like and can produce a reasonably accurate imitation of the songs commonly heard in their environment. The early appearance of superior musical ability in some children providences that musical talent may be a separate and unique form of intelligence. There are numerous tales of young artists who have a remarkable “ear” or extraordinary memory for music and a natural understanding of musical structure. In many of these cases, the child is average in every other way but displays an exceptional ability in music. Even the most gifted child, however, takes about ten years to achieve the levels of performance or composition that would constitute mastery of the musical sphere. Every generation in music history has its famous prodigies – individuals with exceptional musical powers that emerge at a young age. In the eighteenth century, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart began Khóa hc Luyn thi PEN-I: Môn Ting Anh (Cô Nguyt Ca) thi s 01 Hocmai.vn – Ngôi trng chung ca hc trò Vit Tng đài t vn: 1900 58-58-12 – Trang | 7 – composing and performing at the age of six. As a child, Mozart could play the piano like an adult. He had perfect pitch, and at the age of nine, he was also a master of the art of modulation – transitions from one key to another – which became one of the hallmarks of his style. By the age of eleven, he had composed three symphonies and 30 other major works. Mozart‟s well – developed talent was preserved into adulthood. Unusual musical ability is a regular characteristic of certain anomalies such as autism. In one case, an autistic girl was able to play “Happy birthday” in the style of various composers, including Mozart, Beethoven, Verdi, and Schubert. When the girl was three, her mother called her by playing incomplete melodies, which the child would complete with the appropriate tone in the proper octave. For the autistic child, music maybe the primary mode of communication, and the child may cling to music because it represents as a haven in a world that is largely confusing and frightening. 71. The word “precocity” in paragraph 1 is closest in meaning to______ . A. strong interest B. good luck C. advanced skill D. personal style 72. Which sentence below best expresses the essential information in the highlighted sentence in paragraph 1? A. Children may be born with superior musical ability, but their environment will determine how this ability is developed. B. Every child is naturally gifted, and it is the responsibility of the public schools to recognize and develop these talents. C. Children with exceptional musical talent will look for the best way to express themselves through music – making. D. Some musically talented children live in an environment surrounded by music, while others have little exposure to music. 73. The author makes the point that musical elements such as pitch and rhythm______. A. distinguish music from other art forms B. vary in emphasis in different cultures C. make music difficult to learn D. express different human emotions 74. The word “predisposed ” in paragraph 3 is closest in meaning to______. A. inclined B. gifted C. pushed D. amused 75. According to the passage, when does musical talent usually begin to appear? A. When infants start to babble and produce sound patterns. B. Between the ages of two and four months. C. When children learn to sing at two or three years old. D. Between ten years old and adolescence. 76. According to the passage, which of the following suggests that musical talent in the separate form of intelligence? A. Exceptional musical ability in an otherwise average child. B. Recognition of the emotional power of music. C. The ability of all babies to acquire core elements of music. D. Differences between learning music learning language. 77. Why does the author discuss Mozart in paragraph 6? A. To compare past and present views of musical talent. B. To give an example of a well – known musical prodigy. C. To list musical accomplishments of the eighteenth century. D. To describe the development of individual musical skill. Khóa hc Luyn thi PEN-I: Môn Ting Anh (Cô Nguyt Ca) thi s 01 Hocmai.vn – Ngôi trng chung ca hc trò Vit Tng đài t vn: 1900 58-58-12 – Trang | 8 – 78. In music, the change from one key to another is known as______. A. rhythm B. prodigy C. perfect pitch D. modulation 79. The word haven in paragraph 7 is closest in meaning to______. A. beautiful art B. safe place C. personal goal D. simple problem 80. Which of the following can be inferred from the passage about exceptional musical ability? A. It occurs more frequently in some cultures than in others. B. It is evidence of a superior lever of intelligence in other areas. C. It has been documented and studied but is little understood. D. It is the result of natural talent and a supportive environment. Giáo viên: Nguyt Ca Ngun : Hocmai.vn . detects D. that detects 25. She has a 12-year-old and a 5-year-old, so I guess I spoke to the ____ two. A. older one out of C. older of the B. one who is older than the D. older than the 26 ____ confident for his own good. A. so very B. much too C. extremely D. more than 24. Snakes have an organ in a pit on their heads ____ in fared rays. A. detects B. a detection of C. it detects. spending without hurting morale. A. What is needed C. What needs being needed B. What needs D. That which needs 13. General Custer was confident of victory despite being vastly ____ the enemy. A.
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