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CONCESSION EXERCISES PART A A. Rewrite as indicated below. The first is already done as an example 1. Pam was not felling well, however she went to school. Although Pam was not feeling well, she went to school. In spite of not feeling well, Pam went to school. 2. Tom was seriously advised by his teacher, but he insisted in disturbing the class.  a. Although  b. In spite of 3. Mary tried several times, but she couldn’t find a taxi.  a. Although,  b. In spite of 4. Although he felt tired, he stayed up to keep us company.  Despite 5. They didn’t have much time, however they came to visit us.  In spite of 6. He is too old, but he still does his gymnastics every morning.  a. Although  b. Despite 7. Although the shirts are very expensive, people buy them because they are trendy.  In spite of 8. Although he had no qualifications for it, he got the job.  In spite of 9. I didn’t like the CD you have recommended me, but I bought it all the same.  a. Although  b. In spite of 10. I told her all the truth. However she didn’t believe me.  a) Although  b) In spite of 11. They didn’t play well, but they won the game.  a) Although  b) Despite 12. They felt very cold but they didn’t turn on the heater.  Despite 13. Bill had a terrible headache. However he kept working.  a) Although  b) In spite of 14. He has all the necessary books but he doesn’t use them to study.  Despite 15. She works very hard but she doesn’t deserve a raise.  a) Although  b) In spite of 16. She is not prepared for the test, but she has to do it.  Despite 17. She was ill but she had to go to school. Page 1 CONCESSION EXERCISES  Although 18. It was a nice sunny but there was nobody at the beach.  a) Although  b) Is spite of 19. He arrived later but he finished work earlier than the others.  Although 20. The new waitress seems honest and diligent. However the boss doesn’t like her.  a) Although  b) In spite of Exercise 1: Rewrite the sentences 1. Although Henry is a millionaire, he hates spending money.  2. Mark went on working although he felt unwell.  3. They slept soundly although the night air was hot.  4. . Although she was successful, she felt dissatisfied.  5. Although the boat was full of water, it sailed on.  6. Although the children were poor, they seemed happy.  7. We couldn’t get tickets although we queued for an hour.  8. I enjoyed the film although the story was silly.  9. He didn’t arrive until 9 o’clock although he promised that he wouldn’t be late.  10. Although he was seriously ill, he was determined to finish his work. In spite of 11. I’ve still got the camera because no one has claimed it. Because it 12. Because of driving too fast, he caused a serious accident. Because 13. We took many pictures although the sky was cloudy. >>In spite of Page 2 CONCESSION EXERCISES  14. We understand him in spite of his strong accent. >> Although  15. Although he is wealthy, he is not spoiled.>> Despite  16. Despite a good salary, he was unhappy in his job.>> Though  17. In spite of the high prices, my roommates go to the movies every Saturday. >>Although  18. Even though she had a poor memory, she told interesting stories to the children. >>Despite  19. In spite of their poverty, they are very generous. >> Although  20. Though she has been absent frequently, he has managed to pass the test.>> Despite  21. In spite of Lee’s Sadness at losing the contest, she managed to smile.>> Although  22. My friend ate the chocolate cake even though she was on a diet. >>Despite  23. In spite of a headache, he enjoyed the film.>> Although  24. My sister will take a plane even though she dislikes flying.>>In spite of  25. He isn’t happy although he is very rich. >>Despite  26. Even though he got a good job, he was not satisfied.>> Despite  27. Although he often tells lies, many people believe him.>> Despite  28. Mary didn’t go to school yesterday because she was sick.>> Because of  29. She went to bed early because she felt tired. >>Because of  30. Margaret stayed at home because her mother was sick.>> Because of  31. I couldn’t do the test because it was difficult.>> Because of  32. I couldn’t read the letter because it was dark.>> Because of Page 3 CONCESSION EXERCISES  33. I can’t study because it is noisy.>> Because of  34. The train come late because it was foggy.>> Because of  35. The train was late because the fog was thick.>> Because of  36. I can’t sleep because the weather is hot.>> Because of  37. All the teacher love him because his conduct is good.>> Because of  38. Because there was a traffic accident, I went to school late.>> Because of  39. Because there is a shortage of meet, we had to live on beans.>> Because of  40. Because there was a lack of water, many trees died rapidly.>> Because of  41. She walked slowly because her leg was injured.>> Because of  42. Because it was sunny, we decided to go camping.>> Because of  Exercise 2 : Complete these sentences, using because or because of + one of these phrases : the strong wind growing unrest in the country my computer isn’t working I can hear the waves flooding on the road the mist the streets were covered in ice my mother has arrived her illness prices were falling 1. _____, I won’t be able to meet you on Thursday after all. Because my mother has arrived, I won’t be able to meet you on Thursday after all. 2. She couldn’t complete the work _____.  She couldn’t complete the work because of her illness. 3. The boat couldn’t put to sea _____.  4. _____, they couldn’t sell their house.  5. I can’t print out the letter _____.  6. When we got to the top of the hill we couldn’t see anything _____.  7. She walked carefully _____.  8. We must be near the beach, _____.  Page 4 CONCESSION EXERCISES 9. The Prime Minister returned home _____.  10. We couldn’t get to his house _____.  Exercise 4 : Complete the sentences with although/ in spite of/ because/ because of. 1. ____________ the meeting’s at 2.00, I won’t be late to see you. 2. ____________ I told the absolute truth, no one would believe me. 3. The goods were never delivered ____________ the promise we had received. 4. My mother is always complaining ___________ the untidiness of my room. 5. I didn’t get the job ____________ I had all the necessary qualifications. 6. It’s unsafe to travel in that country _____________ the ongoing civil war. 7. The villagers refused to leave ___________ the drought. 8. ____________ everything looked different, I had no idea where to go. 9. __________ his age, John was not hired ___________ he had the necessary qualifications. 10. You can’t enter this secure area _____________ you don’t have an official permit. 11. ___________ it was sunny, it was quite a cold day. 12. Several people in the crowd became ill and fainted ___________ the extreme heat. 13. ____________ having a bad cough, she was able to sing in the choir. 14. ___________ I had nothing for lunch but an apple, I ate dinner early. 15. Sarah can’t climb up the tree ___________ her fear of heights. Exercise 5: Rewrite sentence 1. He is rich but He isn’t happy. ( Although )  2. Cars cause pollution but people still want them. ( although )  3. Mr. Nam was successful in his life although he came from a poor family. ( despite )  4. Though he is intelligent, he can’t do all these tests well. ( in spite of )  5. In spite of his much experience in machinery , he didn’t succeed in repairing this machine . ( Although )  6. Don’t shout at her in spite of her laziness. ( Though )  7.It was raining heavily but I went swimming . ( in spite of )  8. Though Lan is beautiful and intelligent, she is never proud of herself. (As )  9. Lan is always admired by her friends because she is intelligent. ( Because of )  10. We don’t spend much time on our homework because a lot of devices for the home were invented. ( Because of )  11. We always trust Nam because he is wise and honest. ( Because of )  Page 5 CONCESSION EXERCISES 12. Because of Lan’s poverty, she can’t continue her study at the university. ( Because )  : Because; because of; although/ though/ even though; in spite of/ despite 1) We took many pictures although the sky was cloudy. >>In spite of  2) We understand him in spite of his strong accent. >> Although  3) Although he is wealthy, he is not spoiled.>> Despite  4) Despite a good salary, he was unhappy in his job.>> Though  5) In spite of the high prices, my roommates go to the movies every Saturday. >>Although  6) Even though she had a poor memory, she told interesting stories to the children. >>Despite  7) In spite of their poverty, they are very generous. >> Although  8) Though she has been absent frequently, he has managed to pass the test.>> Despite  9) In spite of Lee’s Sadness at losing the contest, she managed to smile.>> Although  10) My friend ate the chocolate cake even though she was on a diet. >>Despite  11) In spite of a headache, he enjoyed the film.>> Although  12) My sister will take a plane even though she dislikes flying.>>In spite of  13) He isn’t happy although he is very rich. >>Despite  14) Even though he got a good job, he was not satisfied.>> Despite  15) Although he often tells lies, many people believe him.>> Despite  16) Mary didn’t go to school yesterday because she was sick.>> Because of  17) She went to bed early because she felt tired. >>Because of  18) Margaret stayed at home because her mother was sick.>> Because of  19) I couldn’t do the test because it was difficult.>> Because of  20) I couldn’t read the letter because it was dark.>> Because of  21) I can’t study because it is noisy.>> Because of  Page 6 CONCESSION EXERCISES 22) The train come late because it was foggy.>> Because of  23) The train was late because the fog was thick.>> Because of  24) I can’t sleep because the weather is hot.>> Because of  25) All the teacher love him because his conduct is good.>> Because of  26) Because there was a traffic accident, I went to school late.>> Because of  27) Because there is a shortage of meet, we had to live on beans.>> Because of  28) Because there was a lack of water, many trees died rapidly.>> Because of  29) She walked slowly because her leg was injured.>> Because of  30) Because it was sunny, we decided to go camping.>> Because of  PART B CONCESSION CLAUSES CONCESSION ALTHOUGH Example: Although he loves only next door, I never see him. Exercise 1 1. The car isn’t very nice, but it serves its purpose.  Although 2. Betty isn’t very tall, but she can run very fast.  Although 3. He doesn’t have much money, but he wants to buy car.  Although 4. There wasn’t much food at the party. However, everybody had a good time.  Although 5. He’s a hard worker. However he van newer save enough to buy a car  Although CONCESSION (EVEN) THOUGH = NEVERTHELESS ALL THE SAME Examples: They were boring, (even) though well-educated. Though they were well-educated, they were boring. Educated though they were, they were very boring. They were well-educated. Nevertheless they were boring. They were well-educated. All the same they were boring. Exercise 2 1. He didn’t tell me why he’d been late, but I knew it all the same.  He didn’t tell me why he’d been late, but I knew it Page 7 CONCESSION EXERCISES 2. It’s rather cold, but I think I’ll go for a walk.  Even though 3. She was unattractive but still had many friends.  Even though 4. She was unattractive but still had many friends.  Unattractive 5. Though they’d lived in London for years, they always spoke German.  They’d lived in London for years CONCESSION MAY… BUT = I ADMIT THAT… I GRAND THAT … I CONCEDE THAT… Note: Grant and concede are rarely used in current English. Examples: He may have been brought up in Poland, but he has a perfect English accent. I admit that he was brought up in Poland, but he has a perfect English accent. I grant that he was brought up in Poland, but he has a perfect English accent. I concede that he was brought up in Poland, but he has a perfect English accent. Exercise 3 1. Although he was brought up in Poland, he has a perfect English accent.  He may 2. Although she’s a girl, she plays football as well as any boy.  She may 3. Although she’s very rich, she never gives a penny to the poor.  She may 4. Although my sister’s very intelligent and pretty, she doesn’t have a boyfriend.  I concede 5. Although he sometimes behaves like a fool, he’s really very intelligent.  I grand CONCESSION COMPOUNDS IN – EVER (HOWEWER, WHATEVER) Note: When we use however in clauses of concession, it must be followed by an adjective or an adverb. Examples: However hard he studies, he won’t pass the exam. Whatever happens, I will always love you. Exercise 4 1. Although I tried hard, I couldn’t find the book you lent me.  However 2. Although he may have some strong points, intelligence is one of them.  Whatever 3. Although he loves Joan very much, he isn’t going to marry her.  However 4. Although she buys a lot of new dresses every month, she always dresses shabbily.  However 5. Even if our new house is very nice, we’ll still miss our old flat. Page 8 CONCESSION EXERCISES  However CONCESSION NO MATTER IT DOESN’T MATTER Examples: No matter how hard I try, I will never pass the exam It doesn’t matter how hard I try, I will never pass the exam Exercise 5 1. Although he makes a lot of money, he can’t save anything.  No matter 2. No matter what she said, no one paid any attention.  Whatever 3. However hard she tried, she couldn’t lift the suitcase.  No 4. Although he loves Joan very much, he isn’t going to marry her.  No 5. It doesn’t matter how much you earn, you shouldn’t waste money.  Although CONCESSION ADJECTIVE/ADVERB + AS Note: This structure is used only with adjectives and adverbs in the front position. Example: Much as I love Mary, I will not marry her. Exercise 6 1. Although Betty is attractive, she can’t find herself a boyfriend.  Attractive 2. Although it seems incredible, my grandma is getting married again.  Incredible 3. Although I love travelling very much, I can’t afford to go to Japan.  Much 4. However rich he may be, I wouldn’t like to be in his shoes.  Rich 5. No matter how nice she may be, I don’t like her  Nice CONCESSION IN SPITE OF DESPITE Examples: In spite of all her money, she always wears old clothes. Despite the fact that she has all that money, she always wear old clothes Despite having all that money, she always wears old clothes. Exercise 7 1. He doesn’t have much money, but he wants to buy a car.  He wants to buy a car despite 2. We all enjoyed the walk even though it rained.  In 3. We managed to talk seriously although there were a lot of people around.  In 4. The bag was heavy but she managed to carry it herself.  Despite Page 9 CONCESSION EXERCISES 5. His mother refused to let him go to the party but he went anyway.  He went to the party in spite CONCESSION IN SPITE OF DESPITE Examples : For all my money, I feel very poor. In spite of all my money, I feel very poor. Exercise 8 1. Whatever you may promise, I don’t believe a word.  For all 2. In spite of his hard work, he hasn’t been promoted for five years.  For all 3. Whatever you may say about Mary, I will not change my opinion about her.  For all 4. Say what you will about her husband, I do not like him.  For all 5. For all the help of their friends, they were unable to cope with all the problems.  In spite CONCESSION EVEN IF EVEN THOUGH Note: Even if is sometimes followed by should or an emphatically stressed verb. Examples: Even if it costs a lot, I want to buy it. Even if it should cost a lot, I want to buy it. Even if it does cost a lot, I want to buy it. Even though it costs a lot, I want to buy it. Exercise 9 1. I couldn’t love Betty less, even though she may have had another boyfriend.  I couldn’t love Betty less, even 2. It might be cold, but we’ll still go for a walk.  Even if 3. I’m not going to accept their offer, although they might give me a big salary.  Even if 4. She is beautiful and intelligent, but I’m not going to marry her.  Even though 5. She is beautiful and intelligent, but I’m not going to marry her.  I’m not going to marry her CONCESSION ALTHOUGH EVEN THOUGH IN SPITE OF Examples: Although the weather was bad, we went for a walk Even though the weather was bad, we went for a walk. In spite of the bad weather, we went for a walk. Exercise 10 1. In spite of being tired, we went to the museum.  Even Page 10 […].. .CONCESSION EXERCISES 2 In spite of the rain, the competition took place as planned  Even He went bankrupt, even though he’d worked very hard  He went bankrupt, in 4… will not send her birthday card  I won’t ANSWER KEY EXERCISE 1 1 Although the car isn’t very nice, it serves its purpose 2 Although Betty isn’t very tall, she can run very fast Page 11 CONCESSION EXERCISES 3 Although he doesn’t have much money, he (still) wants to buy a car 4 Although there wasn’t much food at the party, everybody had a good time 5 Although he is a, hard worker, he,… spite of all those people around, we managed to talk seriously, b) In spite of the number of people around, we managed to talk seriously, [c) In spite of there being so many people around, we Page 12 CONCESSION EXERCISES managed to talk seriously.] [d) In spite of the fact that there were so many people around, we managed to talk seriously.] 4 a) Despite the (heavy) weight of the bag, she managed to… be rich now b) If Mr Smith hadn’t modernized his factory years ago, he would be poor now 3 a) If you don’t open the door, I won’t be able to come in b) If you open the door, I will be able to Page 13 CONCESSION EXERCISES come in 4 If I hadn’t broken her new mirror last night, I wouldn’t feel so terrible 5 a) If he had studied for the test, he wouldn’t have failed b) If he had studied for the test, . However 5. Even if our new house is very nice, we’ll still miss our old flat. Page 8 CONCESSION EXERCISES  However CONCESSION NO MATTER IT DOESN’T MATTER Examples: No matter how hard I try, I will. carry it herself.  Despite Page 9 CONCESSION EXERCISES 5. His mother refused to let him go to the party but he went anyway.  He went to the party in spite CONCESSION IN SPITE OF DESPITE Examples. accident. Because 13. We took many pictures although the sky was cloudy. >>In spite of Page 2 CONCESSION EXERCISES  14. We understand him in spite of his strong accent. >> Although 

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