Ngày đăng: 20/01/2015, 09:00
Động từ có quy tắc thêm –ed được phát âm như sau:1. ɪd sau âm t, d 2. t sau những phụ âm vô thanh (trừ âm t) : p, k, f, ʃ, s, tʃ, θ 3. d sau những nguyên âm và phụ âm hữu thanh (trừ âm d) : ð, b, v, z, ʒ, dʒ, g, m, n, ŋ, lEXERCISE 1:Choose the word whose underlined part is pronounced differently from the others1. A. arrived B. believed C. received D. hoped2. A. opened B. knocked C. played D. occurred PRONUNCIATION OF -ed * Động từ có quy tắc thêm –ed được phát âm như sau: 1. /ɪd/ sau âm /t, d/ 2. /t/ sau những phụ âm vô thanh (trừ âm /t/) : /p, k, f, ʃ, s, tʃ, θ/ 3. /d/ sau những nguyên âm và phụ âm hữu thanh (trừ âm /d/) : / ð, b, v, z, ʒ, dʒ, g, m, n, ŋ, l/ EXERCISE 1:Choose the word whose underlined part is pronounced differently from the others 1. A. arrived B. believed C. received D. hoped 2. A. opened B. knocked C. played D. occurred 3. A. rubbed B. tugged C. stopped D. filled 4. A. dimmed B. travelled C. passed D. stirred 5. A. tipped B. begged C. quarrelled D. carried 6. A. tried B. obeyed C. cleaned D. asked 7. A. packed B. added C. worked D. pronounced 8. A. watched B. phoned C. referred D. followed 9. A. agreed B. succeeded C. smiled D. loved 10. A. laughed B. washed C. helped D. weighed 11. A. walked B. ended C. started D. wanted 12. A. killed B. hurried C. regretted D. planned 13. A. visited B. showed C. wondered D. studied 14. A. sacrificed B. finished C. fixed D. seized 15. A. needed B. booked C. stopped D. washed 16. A. loved B. teased C. washed D. rained 17. A. packed B. punched C. pleased D. pushed 18. A. filled B. naked C. suited D. wicked 19. A. caused B. increased C. practised D. promised 20. A. washed B. parted C. passed D. barked 21. A. killed B. cured C. crashed D. waived 22. A. imagined B. released C. rained D. followed 23. A. called B. passed C. talked D. washed 24. A. landed B. needed C. opened D. wanted 25. A. cleaned B. attended C. visited D. started 26. A. talked B. fished C. arrived D. stepped 27. A. wished B. wrapped C. laughed D. turned 28. A. considered B. rescued C. pulled D. roughed 29. A. produced B. arranged C. checked D. fixed 30. A. caused B. examined C. operated D. advised 31. A. discovered B. destroyed C. developed D. opened 32. A. repaired B. invented C. wounded D. succeeded 33. A. improved B. parked C. broadened D. encouraged 34. A. delivered B. organized C. replaced D. obeyed 35. A. painted B. provided C. protected D. equipped 36. A. tested B. marked C. presented D. founded 37. A. used B. finished C. married D. rained 38. A. allowed B. dressed C. flashed D. mixed 39. A. switched B. stayed C. believed D. cleared 40. A. recommended B. waited C. handed D. designed 41. A. annoyed B. phoned C. watched D. remembered 42. A. hurried B. decided C. planned D. wondered 43. A. posted B. added C. managed D. arrested 44. A. dreamed B. neglected C. denied D. admired 45. A. admitted B. advanced C. appointed D. competed 46. A. announced B. apologized C. answered D. argued 47. A. complained B. applied C. compared D. polished 48. A. declared B. exchanged C. excused D. joined 49. A. contributed B. jumped C. introduced D. vanished 50. A. whispered B. wandered C. sympathized D. sentenced PRONUNCIATION OF -s/-es * Cách phát âm –shoặc –essau động từ hoặc danh từ phụ thuộc vào âm đứng phía trước nó. Động từ hoặc danh từ khi thêm –shoặc –es được phát âm như sau: 1. /ɪz/ sau động từ hoặc danh từ tận cùng bằng những âm /s/, /z/, /ʃ/, /ʒ/, /tʃ/, /dʒ/ 2. /s/ sau động từ hoặc danh từ tận cùng bằng những âm vô thanh/p/, /k/, /f/, /θ/, /t/ 3. /z/ sau động từ hoặc danh từ tận cùng bằng âm còn lại. EXERCISE 2:Choose the word whose underlined part is pronounced differently from the others 1. A. skims B. works C. sits D. laughs 2. A. fixes B. pushes C. misses D. goes 3. A. cries B. buzzes C. studies D. supplies 4. A. holds B. notes C. replies D. sings 5. A. keeps B. gives C. cleans D. prepares 6. A. runs B. fills C. draws D. catches 7. A. drops B. kicks C. sees D. hopes 8. A. types B. knocks C. changes D. wants 9. A. drinks B. rides C. travels D. leaves 10. A. calls B. glasses C. smiles D. learns 11. A. schools B. yards C. labs D. seats 12. A. knives B. trees C. classes D. agrees 13. A. buses B. horses C. causes D. ties 14. A. garages B. boats C. bikes D. roofs 15. A. ships B. roads C. streets D. speaks 16. A. beliefs B. cups C. plates D. apples 17. A. books B. days C. songs D. erasers 18. A. houses B. knives C. clauses D. changes 19. A. roofs B. banks C. hills D. bats 20. A. hats B. tables C. tests D. desks 21. A. gives B. passes C. dances D. finishes 22. A. sees B. sings C. meets D. needs 23. A. seeks B. plays C. gets D. looks 24. A. tries B. receives C. teaches D. studies 25. A. says B. pays C. stays D. boys 26. A. eyes B. apples C. tables D. faces 27. A. posts B. types C. wives D. keeps 28. A. beds B. pens C. notebooks D. rulers 29. A. stools B. cards C. cabs D. forks 30. A. buses B. crashes C. bridges D. plates Exercise on stress on two-sylable words I. Choose one word whose underlined part is pronounced differently from the others: 1. a. nature b. change c. gravity d. basic 2. a. darkness b. warmth c. market d. remark 3. a. trays b. says c. bays d. days 4. a. knees b. papers c. trees d. bats 5. a. because b. nurse c. horse d. purpose 6. a. marriage b. massage c. collage d. shortage 7. a. enough b. tough c. laugh d. though 8. a. breathe b. with c. thermal d. clothing 9. a. education b . individual c. procedure d. producti 10. a. released b. pleased c. passed d. housed 11. a. helped b. struggled c. remarked d. watched 12. a. airports b. suitcases c. things d. calculators 13. a. fills b. adds c. stirs d. lets 14. a. cease b. chase c. increase d. raise 15. a. shops b. notes c. mouths d. books 16. a. jumped b. picked c. relaxed d. suited 17. a. hooked b. kissed c. traveled d. diminished 18. a. passed b. realized c. wished d. touched 19. a. enjoyed b. moved c. achieved d. liked 20. a. wicked b. wanted c. needed d. filled II. Pick out the word that has the stress differently from that of the other words: 1. a. recently b. conduct c. attitude d. marriage 2. a. banquet b. schedule c. diameter d. blessing 3. a. birthday b. cowboy c. enjoy d. pleasure 4. a. disease b. humour c. cancer d. treatment 5. a. persuade b. reduce c. offer d. apply 6 . a. farmer b. farewell c. factory d. fairy 7. a. cattle b. country c. canal d. cover 8. a. money b. machine c. many d. mother 9. a. borrow b. agree c. await d. prepare 10. a. paper b. tonight c. lecture d. story 11. a. money b. army c. afraid d. people 12. a. enjoy b. daughter c. provide d. decide 13. a. begine b. pastime c. finish d. summer 14. a. reply b. appeal c. offer d. support 15. a. profit b. comfort c. apply d. suggest 16. a. direct b. idea c. suppose d. figure 17. a. revise b. amount c. contain d. desire 18. a. standard b. happen c. handsome d. destroy 19. a. about b. around c. between d. under 20. a. knowledge b. enjoy c. science d. sudden 21. a. because b. method c. standard d. wooden 22. a. ashtray b. music c. severe d. temper 23. a. farewell b. thoughtful c. toward d. approach 24. a. bridegroom b. bamboo c. wedding d. survey 25. a. healthy b. remain c. alone d. accept 26. a. explain b. obtain c. promise d. suspect 27. a. confide b. agree c. maintain d. response 28. a. precede b. suppose c. decide d. finish 29. a. abroad b. noisy c. hundred d. quiet 30. a. passion b. aspect c. medium d. success 31. a. exist b. evolve c. enjoy d. enter 32. a. doctor b. modern c. corner d. Chinese 33. a. complain b. machine c. music d. instead 2 34. a. writer b. baker c. builder d. career 35. a. provide b. adopt c. happen d. inspire 36. a. result b. region c. river d. robot 37. a. constant b. basic c. irate d. obvious 38. a.become b. carry c. appoint d. invent 39. a. engine b. battle c. career d. rabies 40. a. attract b. destroy c. level d. occur 41. a. spaceship b. planet c. solar d. surround 42. a. brilliant b. daily c. extreme d. protein 43. a. appoint b. gather c. threaten d. vanish 44. a. button b. canal c. failure d. monster 45. a. disease b. humour c. cancer d. treatment 46. a. persuade b. reduce c. offer d. apply 47. a. farmer b. farewell c. factory d. fairy 48. a. cattle b. country c. canal d. cover 49. a. money b. machine c. many d. mother 50 a. borrow b. agree c. await d. prepare. 51. a. paper b. police c. people d. purpose 52. a. damage b. destroy c. demand d. deny 53. a. ancient b. attack c. alive d. across 54. a. person b. purpose c. possess d. pirate 55. a. ruler b. river c. retire d. rapid 56. a. sentence b. suggest c. species d. system 57. a. attack b. defeat c. beieve d. happen 58. a. release b. pleasure c. leaver d creamy Key: I. 1c, 2b, 3b, 4d, 5a, 6b, 7d, 8c, 9c, 10b, 11b, 12a, 13d, 14d, 15c, 16d, 17c, 18b, 19d, 20d. II. Stress: 1b, 2c, 3c, 4a, 5c, 6b, 7c, 8b, 9a, 10b, 11c, 12b, 13a, 14c, 15a, 16d, 17b, 18d, 19d, 20b, 21a, 22c, 23b, 24b, 25a, 26c, 27d, 28d, 29a, 30d, 31d, 32d, 33c, 34d, 35c, 36a, 37c, 38b, 39c, 40c, 41d, 42c, 43a, 44b, 45a, 46c, 47b, 48c, 49b, 50a, 51b, 52a, 53a, 54c, 55c, 56b, 57d, 58a. . sacrificed B. finished C. fixed D. seized 15. A. needed B. booked C. stopped D. washed 16. A. loved B. teased C. washed D. rained 17. A. packed B. punched C. pleased D. pushed 18. A. filled B. naked. quarrelled D. carried 6. A. tried B. obeyed C. cleaned D. asked 7. A. packed B. added C. worked D. pronounced 8. A. watched B. phoned C. referred D. followed 9. A. agreed B. succeeded C. smiled D followed 23. A. called B. passed C. talked D. washed 24. A. landed B. needed C. opened D. wanted 25. A. cleaned B. attended C. visited D. started 26. A. talked B. fished C. arrived D. stepped 27.
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